At Nugent Appraisal, we are regularly asked to perform rug appraisals ranging from small rugs, hallway runners, to full-size room rugs. There are several factors we must consider, but one in particular involves the sense of touch; it is called texture.
As a test of what I am about to discuss, run your hand over the rugs or carpet in your home or office. If you have differing types of floor coverings, your hand will sense the difference, and what you are feeling is known as the texture or the smoothness of the surface.
When you purchase floor covering, aside from size, color and design, the texture that you select is determined by your personal taste. Do you prefer plush, flat, sculpted, or a feeling somewhere in between. Unfortunately in this world of internet shopping, texture is the only feature that cannot be evaluated using a computer. The human touch still provides many indications about the quality and structure of rugs and carpets.
The various sensations of texture primarily depends on the types of materials in the rug, such as whether the base material is Wool, Cotton, Silk, or in some rare instances Gold or Silver threads.
Wool is by far the primary material that is used to construct the rug’s structure. The majority of wool comes from sheep, though there are some occasions when weavers use wool from different animals, such as camels or goats. The wool from camels and goats is used, for example, in Kilim rugs.
The softest wool comes from baby lambs (8-14 months) and is called Kork. You find Kork in high-end rugs with a high knots per square inch count. The rugs that are made with Kork are very smooth, usually thin, have a glossy appearance, and are soft to the touch.
Cotton is also used in many rugs to warp looms. You can see the cotton on the backside of Tribal rugs, for example.
Silk is smoothest of all materials used in rugs and carpets and it provides rugs with an extreme softness and reflection. The existence of Silk in Persian rugs is another indication of the quality of the rug. Usually, silk is used for flowers in motifs and medallions. These types of rugs are famous in Tabriz, Iran’s fourth largest city. Quite often, Silk threads are used in combination with either Wool or Cotton.
Some rugs are pure Silk. These types of rugs have the highest knots per square inch and usually are smaller in size. Iranian cities like Qom, Kashan, and Isfahan are famous for their silk rugs. Isfahan has long been considered one of the centers for production of the famous Persian Carpet.
Gold and Silver threads have also been used in rugs and carpets going back as far as the 16th century, but in the earlier periods the metallic threads were used mostly in the floral designs of the carpet. As the use of metal threads became more popular, silk was gradually substituted for the wool of the pile; eventually the carpets were made entirely of silk on a Gold or Silver ground. Wool disappeared completely in these luxurious carpets.
Polonaise carpets are a group of 17th century Persian rugs possibly woven in Kashan or Isfahan that were given as gifts to European dignitaries. They were woven in silk, gold and silver threads. They are named polonaise because they were first exhibited in Poland and bore the Polish royal family’s coat of arms; in truth, they were really Persian and not produced in Poland as many contended at the time.
There was a time when a majority of this stuff was made from wool. Today, nylon made pieces is considered to be the most commonly used carpets in homes. Generally, the wall-to-wall carpets are made up of any of these five fibers: nylon, polyester, wool, polypropylene or acrylic.
Nylon made items, although considered to be very pricey, are the most durable and dependable carpets. Normally people prefer these in their homes as nylon fibers do not get entangled, and also because stains can be easily removed from them.
Polyester-made are also long-lasting and stain resistant. Many people prefer the attractive colors of polyester carpets over the other types.
Wool carpets have been in use since the concept of carpeting started. However, woolen pieces are very expensive and their cost is almost twice as that of nylon made pieces. If money is not an issue, selecting a wool carpet is an excellent option as these come in a wide range of beautiful colors. Wool made rugs are also easier to clean in case they get a stain.
Polypropylene carpets, which are also known as olefin carpets, are long lasting and stain-resistant carpets. Although they are relatively cheaper, yet, they melt at a low temperature and can be easily crushed.
Acrylic fibers are primarily used in rugs. Since they resemble wool fibers, the demand of acrylic carpets is increasing day by day. Acrylic carpets are springy and stain-resistant, and their color does not fade away easily.
As Accredited Appraisers, the expert rug appraisers at Nugent Appraisal must be professionally informed, as well as experienced, in determining the differences between the various types of floor covering so that our analysis will lead to an accurate market value. Are you in need of a certified rug appraisal for Insurance, Estate Settlement, Divorce, or Charitable Donation?
CONTACT US to discuss your rug appraisal need